Should animal testing (scientific specifically not commercial) be allowed?
There is an estimated 26 million animals used every year for testing. This testing includes medical, commercial (such as makeup) and other research based tests. Animals have been used to develop medical treatments that have been highly beneficial to humans but they have also been used for the far lesser cause of makeup testing.
Focusing on the medical testing, many medicines we have today required tests to be had on a living organism. Although legal human trials are conducted, usually animals trials must be conducted first. There are other options to this testing such as in vitro testing which occurs in a glass but the systems of living organisms are far more complex which allows for more definite results.
It is said that most every medical breakthrough in the past 100 years has occurred through animal testing. For example the discovery of insulin occurred because of testing done on dogs and the polio vaccine was also originally tested on animals. But animal testing is cruel and inhumane. The animals are put through things like forced feeding and inhalation, starvation, dehydration, infliction if wounds etc.
Another con in animal testing is that animals and humans are not the same. Because some tests do not ethically allow for human testing animals are used instead. But this can lead to many problems, such as in the 1950s when a sleeping pill passed through animals testing caused the deaths and deformities of thousands of babies.
So, what do you think? Is animal testing crucial enough to human medicine that it should be allowed? Is there another, safer, way that we can go about testing?